There are deep connections between type theory and category theory.
See algebra; analysis; arithmetic; combinatorics; game theory; geometry; number theory; numerical analysis; optimization; probability theory; set theory; statistics; trigonometry.
(For an overview of theory theory, see entry on folk psychology as a theory).
The scientific theory of phlogiston, and the folk theory of witchcraft, are examples of this.
Further, crip theory derives from disability studies but uses queer theory to develop new analyses (Schalk 2013).
The first sort of theory—a semantic theory—is a theory which assigns semantic contents to expressions of a language.
This article discusses expected utility theory as a normative theory—that is, a theory of how people should make decisions.
The theory of evolution is a dynamical theory, and the second approach to evolutionary game theory sketched above explicitly models the dynamics present in interactions among individuals in the population.
Modern number theory is a broad subject that is classified into subheadings such as elementary number theory, algebraic number theory, analytic number theory, geometric number theory, and probabilistic number theory.
Gauss is generally regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time for his contributions to number theory, geometry, probability theory, geodesy, planetary astronomy, the theory of functions, and potential theory (including electromagnetism).
Russell, Bertrand | category theory | Frege, Gottlob | Frege, Gottlob: theorem and foundations for arithmetic | logic: paraconsistent | mathematics: inconsistent | Peano, Giuseppe | Principia Mathematica | type theory: Church’s type theory | type theory: intuitionistic
While the bulk of the corpus is in ethical and political theory and the related fields of legal theory and applied ethics, work on promises has also been done in the philosophy of language, action theory, rationality theory, game theory and other areas.
Bradley, Francis Herbert | facts | Frege, Gottlob | Meinong, Alexius | Moore, George Edward | propositions | propositions: structured | Russell, Bertrand | truth: coherence theory of | truth: correspondence theory of | truth: deflationary theory of | truth: revision theory of
ambiguity | cognitivism vs. non-cognitivism, moral | concepts | functionalism | monism | moral anti-realism | multiple realizability | properties | realism | relativism | truth | truth: coherence theory of | truth: correspondence theory of | truth: deflationary theory of | truth: identity theory of
logic, history of: intuitionistic logic | logic: intuitionistic | mathematics, philosophy of: intuitionism | mathematics: constructive | proof theory: development of | semantics: Montague | semantics: proof-theoretic | set theory | set theory: constructive and intuitionistic ZF | set theory: Zermelo’s axiomatization of | type theory | type theory: Church’s type theory
Bell’s Theorem | causal models | causation: probabilistic | quantum mechanics | quantum theory: and mathematical rigor | quantum theory: philosophical issues in | quantum theory: quantum field theory | quantum theory: quantum logic and probability theory | quantum theory: the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen argument in | Reichenbach, Hans | Simpson’s paradox | time: thermodynamic asymmetry in
Gödel, Kurt: completeness theorem | Gödel, Kurt: incompleteness theorems | Hilbert, David: program in the foundations of mathematics | Husserl, Edmund | Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm | mathematics, philosophy of: intuitionism | model theory | model theory: birth of | model theory: first-order | phenomenology | Platonism: in the philosophy of mathematics | realism | set theory | set theory: continuum hypothesis | set theory: large cardinals and determinacy
Brouwer, Luitzen Egbertus Jan | category theory | choice, axiom of | logic, history of: intuitionistic logic | logic: intuitionistic | mathematics, philosophy of | mathematics, philosophy of: intuitionism | mathematics: constructive | paradoxes: and contemporary logic | proof theory | semantics: proof-theoretic | set theory | set theory: alternative axiomatic theories | set theory: early development | set theory: non-wellfounded | type theory | type theory: intuitionistic
physics: holism and nonseparability | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics: Copenhagen interpretation of | quantum mechanics: Kochen-Specker theorem | quantum mechanics: many-worlds interpretation of | quantum mechanics: modal interpretations of | quantum mechanics: the role of decoherence in | quantum theory: philosophical issues in | quantum theory: quantum entanglement and information | quantum theory: quantum gravity | quantum theory: quantum logic and probability theory | quantum theory: the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen argument in | Uncertainty Principle
chaos | constructive empiricism | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics: action at a distance in | quantum mechanics: Bohmian mechanics | quantum mechanics: collapse theories | quantum mechanics: consistent histories approach | quantum mechanics: Copenhagen interpretation of | quantum mechanics: Everett’s relative-state formulation of | quantum mechanics: many-worlds interpretation of | quantum mechanics: modal interpretations of | quantum mechanics: relational | quantum theory: and consciousness | quantum theory: Bayesian and pragmatist views | quantum theory: philosophical issues in | quantum theory: quantum entanglement and information | quantum theory: quantum field theory | quantum theory: quantum gravity | quantum theory: the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen argument in | statistical physics: philosophy of statistical mechanics | time: thermodynamic asymmetry in
theory
noun cognition
- a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena
noun cognition
- a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
Example: a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory
noun cognition
- a belief that can guide behavior
Example: the architect has a theory that more is less
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chaos | constructive empiricism | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics action at a distance in | quantum mechanics Bohmian mechanics | quantum mechanics collapse theories | quantum mechanics consistent histories approach | quantum mechanics Copenhagen interpretation of | quantum mechanics Everetts relative-state formulation of | quantum mechanics many-worlds interpretation of | quantum mechanics modal interpretations of | quantum mechanics relational | quantum theory and consciousness | quantum theory Bayesian and pragmatist views | quantum theory philosophical issues in | quantum theory quantum entanglement and information | quantum theory quantum field theory | quantum theory quantum gravity | quantum theory the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen argument in | statistical physics philosophy of statistical mechanics | time thermodynamic asymmetry in